Samba Wheat: A Step Ahead for Health

Rotis, phulkas, and parathas are a staple in numerous Indian homes. Numerous wheat assortments have gluten content, making them inadmissible for individuals with diabetes and gluten sensitivities. A local assortment of wheat, samba wheat is a sans gluten assortment of wheat that individuals with gluten hypersensitivities and sugar-related issues consume. 


India is the world's largest producer of Samba wheat - Khapli wheat, also known as Triticum dicoccon, Emmer, or Diabetic wheat. Its healing properties can help a lot with heart disease and diabetes. It can lower blood cholesterol and glucose levels, making it ideal for people trying to lose weight or are simply concerned about their health. Chapati made with khapli wheat is rich in dietary fibres and helps you stay fuller for longer.


Countries like Spain, Italy, Germany, and Russia are among the largest producers of samba wheat. The key cultivars of this group, DDK 1000 and DDK 1029, were developed in India and released for general cultivation in 1995-96 and 2006, respectively. It accounts for 2% of India's total wheat production.


This samba wheat culture (HW 1095) is a mutant from NP 200. It was developed at IARI, Regional Station, Wellington, and the Department of Millets, TNAU, Coimbatore, using gamma irradiation, i.e, 200 Gray. This new cultivar is of the early duration group, maturing in 110 days.


In a total of 98 experiments done over the past five years, the culture HW 1095 produced a mean grain yield of 4040 kg/ha, a 26 percent improvement over the control NP 200 (3190 kg/ha). The HW 1095 culture contains 10-12 productive tillers with long, tapering ears. The wider and waxy green foliage, drooping leaves, non-lodging behaviour, and non-shattering grains are unique to this culture. The grains are rich in protein, i.e, 13.2%, have a good sedimentation value, i.e, 25, and contain higher beta-carotene i.e, 3.7 ppm. The grain's reddish colour contributes to a high grain appearance score of 9.


Where is samba wheat developed? 


The Samba wheat in India has come from Ethiopia and is tough and does not get warm. This wheat form is present in the Deccan Level - northern Karnataka and southern Maharashtra. Ranchers are currently attempting to grow an assortment of this wheat in Kashmir and Himachal, high up in the mountains. The high profitable samba wheat could be an elective choice to the ranchers. It is made in Tamil Nadu (Samba), Andhra Pradesh (Rava Godhumalu), and portions of Maharashtra (Khapli). It is also present in Spain, Italy, Germany, and Russia. A portion of its assortments was delivered for general development in India during 1995-96 and 2006 separately. It represents two percent of the complete wheat-filled in India. 


Health Benefits:

  1. There is logical proof that samba wheat is incredible for diabetes, as it can bring down glucose levels. 
  2. Samba wheat has complex carbs that can help your invulnerability. It is, along these lines, an incredible grain for kids, grown-ups, and senior residents. 
  3. Gluten particle is powerless in samba wheat and consequently is reasonable for individuals with gluten bigotry. 
  4. It can bring down awful cholesterol and is subsequently for heart patients. 
  5. It has double the fibre and protein 9f ordinary wheat. It keeps the stomach full and lessens cravings for food which helps in weight reduction. 
  6. It is plentiful in niacin of nutrient B3, which is extraordinary for your heart and cholesterol levels and a rich wellspring of magnesium and iron. 
  7. Pregnant ladies and ladies post-pregnancy can likewise benefit by remembering samba wheat for their eating regimen, supposing that it's rich supplement profile. It additionally forestalls bosom disease. 
  8. It forestalls clogging and swelling and keeps the intestinal system sound.
  9. Samba wheat is more extravagant than fibre than customary wheat as it isn't cleaned and doesn't lose any of its supplements during the cycle. Results of this assortment are milder, delectable, and have high satiety esteem.



We hope this article was helpful for you to understand the dietary and utilitarian characteristics of samba wheat. So, now you know that consuming this wheat is more reasonable than the usual wheat in daily life.